What is it?

Chemical peeling is used for the treatment of skin imperfections and consists of applying chemical solutions on its surface. The goal is to cause controlled damage to the skin layers, which will cause exfoliation followed by regeneration.

Chemical peeling has been used for over a century and despite the new technologies, it is still frequent at a dermatologist routine for its convenience, low cost and great results.

What are the different types of skin peels?

The peeling degree varies according to the kind of peeling, which can be light, medium or deep, depending on the depth of treatment required. The substances used are many (retinoic acid, trichloroacetic acid, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, etc.) in various concentrations, alone, associated with each other or with other procedures.

What are the indications?

The peeling may be used for therapeutic or cosmetic purposes. The exfoliation caused by the procedure improves the aspect and quality of the skin and the most common indications are: treatment of dark spots; mild, moderate or severe aging and wrinkles; active acne (pimples) or acne scars; stretch marks.

They can be performed on the face or other areas of the body. Some solutions cause stinging, light or moderate burning sensation during the application, but the procedure is generally tolerated. The frequency of peeling treatment varies according to medical indication and the chosen chemical solution .

The criteria used for each type of peeling includes age, skin type, area to be treated, the degree of photoaging, desired results, medical experience and particular factors of each patient.

How is the recovery?

The aftercare and recovery time depends on the type and depth of the filler you received. In general, the orientations are to clean and moisturize the skin properly, refrain from sun exposure and avoid using lotions that will irritate the skin.

Learn more details about each type of chemical peel

Superficial chemical peeling:  is the less depth procedure, since it affects only the cells of the epidermis, the first layer of skin. It is indicated for the treatment of acne, brown spots and light wrinkles.  The chemical substances used are many such as retinoic acid, resorcinol, thioglycolic acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid and salicylic acid.
These substances cause a mild peeling of the skin. The superficial chemical peel sessions can be performed with a range of 1 to 4 weeks between sessions, depending on the agent – until the result is achieved.

Medium chemical peels: it has a moderate depth and affects the epithelial cells of both the epidermis, the first skin layer, as the papillary dermis, the layer below the epidermis, causing a dark and thick flake. It is indicated for the treatment of acne scars, dark spots, precancerous lesions and more dramatic wrinkles.

Trichloroacetic acid, glycolic acid or a combination of trichloroacetic acid with the jessner’s solution or glycolic acid can be used for the procedure. In this case the sessions can be held monthly and fewer sessions are required.

Deep chemical peeling: is the most intense among all because it penetrates into the dermis, the middle layer of the skin. The results are the most significant, but the risk and discomfort during the postoperative period are higher. It is suitable for the treatment of deep wrinkles, sun damage, advanced aging and precancerous lesions. The substance used in the procedure is phenol, a strong acid that requires extreme care and it should be performed under cardiac monitoring at an accredited hospital. The treatment is contraindicated for people with heart, liver and kidney diseases.

Peeling is a procedure widely used in dermatological practice, quite safe and with excellent results if done with appropriate indication and by a qualified professional. Clear all your doubts with the Institute PERFACE.

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